The statistics on police reports with identified hate crime motives were until 2016 presented annually. From now on it will be presented biannually. The method of data collection differs significantly from that employed for the official crime statistics. The report further includes information collected from victimisation surveys, predominantly the Swedish Crime Survey (SCS).
The data collection method for the statistics on police reports with identified hate crime motives differ from that of the official crime statistics on reported and cleared up crimes. Hate crime is not a specific criminal offence. Most offences in the Penal Code can amount to a hate crime since the hate crime element is found in the offender’s motives. Nor do the police have specific crime codes in their computer system for registering hate crimes, why data currently cannot be collected in the traditional manner.
The method for identifying police reports with potential hate crime motives is based on a computerised search of the narratives of the reports, by help of a search word list. Since 2012, the search is applied to a sample of reports concerning a number of specific crime categories. Reports containing words and phrases that indicate a potential hate crime motive are examined manually by at least two different people. Reports considered to contain a hate crime motive have their details coded in before an estimation procedure is applied to produce population-level estimates. These estimates subsequently make up the hate crime statistics.
The statistics on police reports with identified hate crime motives can indicate attention given to hate crime in police reports and the structure of reported incidents. It does not, however, indicate prevalence of hate crime in society since most criminal incidents, regardless of motive, are not reported to the police. For this purpose, victimisation studies such as the Swedish Crime Survey (SCS), the Politicians' Safety Survey (PTU) and the Swedish school survey on crime (SUB) can assist in giving a better picture.
In the latest hate crime report from 2016 the statistics on self-reported exposure to hate crime is based on data from the SCS, the PTU and the SUB. The SCS is conducted annually, PTU is conducted biannually and the SUB is conducted every three years.
The statistics on police reports with identified hate crime motives include the following motives:
Details on self-reported exposure to hate crime include the following motives:
Estimated number of of police reports with an identified hate crime motive, of which reports with xenophobic/racist motives, 2008–2016. Source: Hate Crime statistics
Estimated number of of police reports with an identified hate crime motive, other motives, 2008–2016. Source: Hate Crime statistics