Reported offences

In 2018 approximately 1,550,000 offences were reported to the police, the customs authority or the prosecution service. This represents an increase of 35, 700 reported offences by comparison with the figure for 2017.

In particular, an increase was noted in the offence category fraud. The types of crimes in the category for which the number of reported offences increased the most between 2017 and 2018 were computer fraud and blackmail, extortion.

During the same period, the number of reported offences decreased in the category theft. The types of offences in the category that decreased most were pickpocketing and residential burglary (thefts committed in connection with break-ins).

Since 2009, the number of reported offences has increased by approximately 145,000 (+10%). Since 1975, the trend in the total number of reported offences has been characterised by a continuous increase. However, the rate of increase, i.e. the percentage change over time, was strongest to the end of the 1990s, the rate of increase after that was lower, until another increase started in the mid-2000s.

 

Reported offences

Number of reported offences in Sweden, per 100,000 population, 1995–2018.

The increase has occurred across the majority of offence categories during the period between 1975 and 2014. Reported car crimes including vehicle theft and theft out of and from a motor vehicle, however, have fallen since 1975, and are thus exceptions to this general trend. The number of reported assaults, including aggravated assaults, has increased four-fold since 1975 and the number of reported sexual offences has undergone a seven-fold increase.

Reported crimes against the person are numerically dominated by assaults, unlawful threats and non-sexual molestation. Over the course of 2018, a total of approximately 83,200 assault offences were reported, which constitutes a decrease of 1 per cent by comparison with the figure for 2017. Assaults on women aged 18 years or over increased by 3 per cent to approximately 28,700 reported offences. In addition, there were a total of 1,740 reported cases of gross violation of a woman’s integrity. The number of reported assaults against men aged 18 years or over amounted to approximately 30,700 offences which is a decrease of 6 % since the previous year.

About 22,500 sexual offences were reported in 2018, which represents an increase of 2 per cent since 2017. There was an 8 per cent increase in the number of reported rape offences, with 7,960 reported rapes being registered in 2018. The number of reported crimes of sexual coercion, exploitation, abuse et cetera increased by 17 per cent by comparison with the figure for 2017 to approximately 1,630 cases.

Slightly over 445,000 theft offences were reported in 2018, which represents a decrease of 41,400 reported offences in relation to the figure for the previous year. This category of crimes accounts for 32 per cent of the total number of reported offences. Subsequent to this point, the number of theft offences has declined. Approximately 11,300 car thefts were reported in 2018, along with 46,200 thefts out of motor vehicles. The number of car thefts declined by 7 per cent, and the number of thefts out of motor vehicles decreased with 11 per cent compared with the figures for 2017.

In 2018, the number of reported robberies is unchanged compared with the number reported in 2017, 8,650 offences. Muggings, which comprise approximately 70 per cent of reported robbery offences, increased by 11 per cent to 6,890 in 2018. A total of 515 robberies of shops and stores were reported in 2018, which constitutes a decrease of 29 per cent by comparison with 2017. A total of 11 bank robberies were reported in 2018. A total of approximately 4,040 incidents of violence against public servants (police, security officers etc.) were reported in 2018, this is unchanged compared with the number reported in 2017. A total of about 17,000 residential burglaries were reported in 2018, which represents a decrease of 24 per cent by comparison with the figure for 2017. The number of reported fraud offences increased by 25 per cent since last year, with 260,000 offences being reported.

Reported criminal damage offences increased by a total of 5 per cent, to 189,000 crimes.

In addition, reported drug offences increased by 6 per cent by comparison with the figures for 2017, to approximately 107,000 reported offences. During the year a total of approximately 92,300 road traffic offences were reported, which is an increase by 3 per cent compared to 2017.