Robbery

The number of reported robberies has declined somewhat in recent years. During 2017, 8,650 robberies were reported, mostly robberies from the person (muggings, street robberies and such). According to the Swedish Crime Survey, 1.4 per cent of the population were exposed to robbery during 2016.

Victims of robbery

Percentage of individuals in the population (16–79 years of age), 2005 – 2016. Source: SCS 2017

In the Swedish Crime Survey, 1.4 per cent of persons state they were a victim of robbery in 2016. This is a higher level than 2015, when the percentage of victims was 0.9
per cent. Previously, the percentage of victims was at a relatively stable
level hovering around 1 per cent. It remains to be seen whether the most recent increase is the beginning of an upwards trend or a deviation from an otherwise relatively stable level.

Men were victims of robbery more often than women and victims were most commonly in the 20–24 age bracket.

Age

Victims of robbery, 2016. Percentage for each age group. Source: SCS 2017

Reported robberies

Total number of reported robberies (including aggravated robbery) of which robbery of person (including those of disabled persons) and shop robberies, 2008 – 2017. Source: Reported offences

Reported robberies

The number of reported robberies in 2017 increased with 1 per cent as compared with the preceding year. In total, 8,650 robberies were reported. The number of robberies from the person (muggings, street robberies and such), which is the most common type of robbery, increased by 4 per cent compared with the previous year, with a total of 6,200 such robberies being reorted.The last few years have seen little change in the levelof reported robberies from the person.

The number of other reported robberies is significantly less, but often more aggravated, since it is relatively more common for the perpetrators to use firearms. The other categories include, among others, shop robberies, which decreased by 103 crimes during 2017 as compared with the preceding year, to 724 reported offences. In 2017, 11 bank robberies were reported, 2 crimes (-15 %) less than the previous year. The reported bank robberies represent a numerically less significant type of offence, and the number has fallen over the last ten years. The number of robberies of armoured vehicles, which declined from 10 reported offences to 4 offences during 2017, has shown relatively large fluctuations during the 2000s and 2010s. Taxi robberies declined by 27 reported offences during the year, to 22 reported offences.

Cleared robberies

Person-based clearance rate² for robbery total robberies (including aggravated robbery) as well as robbery of person (not of disabled persons) and shop robberies, 2006 – 2015. Source: Processed offences

Processed offences

In 2015, 8,370 robberies were processed.¹ Investigations were commenced for 81 per cent (6,820) of the processed offences, while 19 per cent (1,550 offences) were dismissed with no investigation. Investigations were limited for a small number of robberies (16 offences), all of which took place after an investigation was commenced. There was at least one reasonably suspected person registered for the offence for 24 per cent (2,010) of the processed robberies, which corresponds to less than one-third of the number of investigated offences. There were person-based clearances for 47 per cent of the robberies (-3 % as compared with 2014).

The person-based clearance rate² for robbery was 11 per cent during the year, which is a decline of 1 percentage point as compared with 2014. Compared with ten years ago, the level has declined by 1 percentage point.


Persons suspected of robbery

Number of persons suspected of robbery (including aggravated robbery) as well as robbery of person (including those of disabled persons) and shop robberies, 2006 – 2015. Source: Persons suspected of offences

Persons suspected of offences

In 2015, 1,360 persons were registered as suspected of robbery, which is a reduction by 97 persons (-7%) as compared with the preceding year. The majority were suspected of robbery of person (muggings, street robberies and such). During the most recent ten years, the number of suspected persons has, however, decreased by 14 per cent.

Persons found guilty of robbery offences

Number of conviction decisions³ of robbery (including aggravated) as the primary offence, 2006 – 2015. Source: Persons found guilty of offences

Convictions

There were 648 conviction decisions³ in 2015 in respect of robbery (including aggravated robbery), which is a decrease of 181 decisions, or 22 per cent, as compared with 2014. As compared with 2006, convictions in respect of robbery have declined by 239 decisions, or 27 per cent. The trend in conviction decisions of robbery has, however, varied during the ten-year period.

The greatest number of conviction decisions (1,050 decisions) of robbery during the ten-year period were issued in 2009.

Almost all perpetrators of a robbery classified as aggravated are sentenced to imprisonment, and young people are sentenced to secure youth care. The average sentence of imprisonment for aggravated robbery was four years and seven months in 2007. Even when the offence classification is of the normal level, i.e. robbery, imprisonment (or for young people, secure youth care) is the most common sanction. The average sentence for robbery in 2007 was one year and seven months.

¹) The statistic for processed offences reports the number of reported offences where the police, public prosecutor, or other investigatory authority has taken a decision regarding the offence.

²) Person-based clearance means that a person suspected of the offence has been tied to the offence through an indictment, the issuance of a summary sanction order, or the issuance of a waiver of prosecution.

  • The person-based clearance rate reports the number of offences with person-based clearances during one year as a percentage of the number of processed offences during the same year. As from 2014, an adjusted person-based clearance rate is reported. The metric is essentially structured in the same way as previously, however, it is calculated based on all processed offences instead of all reported offences.
  • The conviction rate reports the number of person-based clearances during one year as a per cent of all investigated offences, excluding offences with limitations of investigation during the same period.

³) The statistic regarding persons found guilty of offences reports the number of convictions which were issued during the year. "Conviction decision" means a conviction in a district court or decision of a public prosecutor, such as a summary sanction order or waiver of prosecution, during one calendar year. A single individual may be found guilty of an offence in different ways and on several occasions during one year. A conviction decision may contain decisions regarding several offences and several sanctions.