Threats and harassment

In the Swedish Crime Survey, 5.6 per cent of respondents state that they were exposed to threats during 2016. During 2017, 53,300 offences involving illegal threats were reported; this is a 2 per cent reduction as compared with 2016. The number of reported molestations decreased by 6 per cent to 52,200 reported offences.

Victims of threats

Victims of threats. Percentage of the population (16-79 years of age), 2005 – 2016. Source: SCS 2017

In the Swedish Crime Survey, 5.6 per cent of persons state that they were a victim of threats in 2016, which is an increase compared with 2015 (5.0%). Threat offences remained at a relatively stable level (between 4.1% and 4.6%) for most of the measurement period (2005–2014), and it is too early to say whether the increase in the most recent two years is the beginning of a new trend.

Women were victims of assault more often than men and victims of assault were most commonly in the 20–24 age bracket.

Victims of harassment

Victims of harassment. Percentage of the population (16-79 years of age), 2005 – 2016. Source: SCS 2017

For 2016, 5.5 per cent of persons state that they were victims of harrassment. This is an increase compared with the preceding year, when 4.7 per cent stated that they had been victims. Between 2005 and 2010, the percentage of victims decreased gradually from 5.2 per cent to 3.5 per cent. Victimisation has increased thereafter.

Women were victims of harassment more often than men and victims were most commonly among the youngest age bracket (ages 16–19).

Reported offences

Number of reported unlawful threats and molestations, 2008 – 2017. Source: Reported offences

Reported offences

During 2017, 53,300 offences of unlawful threats were reported; this is a reduction by 2 per cent as compared with 2014. The number of reported molestations declined by 6 per cent to 52,200 reported offences.

As compared with ten years ago, the number of reports of unlawful threats increased by 5 per cent, while the reports of molestation increased by 20 per cent. With respect to unlawful threats and molestation of persons under 18 years of age, it may be noted that the reports, like those of abuse of young people (7 – 14 years of age), clearly decline during the summer months.

 

Cleared offences

Person-based clearance rate² for unlawful threats and molestation, 2006 – 2015. Source: Processed offences

Processed offences

In 2015, 52,600 offences of unlawful threats were processed¹. An investigation was commenced for 83 per cent (43,700 of the processed offences, while the other processed offences (17%) were dismissed with no investigation. Of the processed threat offences, investigations were limited in 2 per cent (1,090), in which investigations were limited in most (1,050 offences) after investigation began. In respect of 52 per cent (27,300) of the processed offences, at least one person was registered as suspected of the offence. In total, 5,390 threat offences had person-based clearances.

The person-based clearance rate for unlawful threats in 2015 was 10 per cent, the same number as 2014. Compared with ten years ago, the level has declined by 4 percentage points. The conviction rate for unlawful threat in 2015 was 13 per cent.

Persons suspected of offences

Number of persons suspected of unlawful threats and molestation, 2006 – 2015. Source: Persons suspected of offences

Persons suspected of offences

In 2015, 6,640 persons were registered as suspected of unlawful threats. As compared with 2014, there were 193 more suspected persons, or 3 per cent. Before that, the number of persons supspected of unlawful threats  had declined from 2010 to 2014. In respect of molestation, 4,020 persons were suspected, which is a reduction by 50 persons or 1 per cent.  The number has declined since it peaked in 2010. As compared with 2005, the number of persons suspected of unlawful threat has declined by 9 per cent, while molestation has increased by 8 per cent.

Persons found guilty of violation of integrity

Conviction decisions for aggravated violations of a woman's integrity and aggravated violations of integrity (4a §) or unlawful stalking (4b §) as the primary offence, 2006-2015. As of October 1, 2011, repeated offences within certain crimes are counted as unlawful stalking. Source: Persons found guilty of offences 

Convictions

When they constitute steps in a repeated violation, acts such as assault, unlawful threat, molestation, and others may be classified as aggravated violations of a woman's integrity or aggravated violations of integrity. In 2015, 149 and 66 conviction decisions³, respectively, were taken with aggravated violations of a woman's integrity or aggravated violations of integrity as the primary offence. The number of convictions for aggravated violations of a woman's integrity and aggravated violations of integrity declined by 34 and 23 decisions, respectively, or by 19 per cent and 26 per cent, respectively, between 2014 and 2015. The number of decisions in respect of aggravated violation of a woman's integrity have declined by 194 decisions, or 57 per cent since 2006. During the same period, the number of conviction decisions in respect of aggravated violations of integrity increased by 75 decisions, or 53 per cent.

¹) The statistic for processed offences reports the number of reported offences where the police, public prosecutor, or other investigatory authority has taken a decision regarding the offence.

²) Person-based clearance means that a person suspected of the offence has been tied to the offence through an indictment, the issuance of a summary sanction order, or the issuance of a waiver of prosecution.

  • The person-based clearance rate reports the number of offences with person-based clearances during one year as a percentage of the number of processed offences during the same year. As from 2014, an adjusted person-based clearance rate is reported. The metric is essentially structured in the same way as previously, however, it is calculated based on all processed offences instead of all reported offences.

  • The conviction rate reports the number of person-based clearances during one year as a per cent of all investigated offences, excluding offences with limitations of investigation during the same period.

³) The statistic regarding persons found guilty of offences reports the number of convictions which were issued during the year. "Conviction decision" means a conviction in a district court or decision of a public prosecutor, such as a summary sanction order or waiver of prosecution, during one calendar year. A single individual may be found guilty of an offence in different ways and on several occasions during one year. A conviction decision may contain decisions regarding several offences and several sanctions.