Murder and manslaughter

Murder, manslaughter, and assault with a lethal outcome are usually jointly designated lethal violence. In 2016, 106 cases of lethal violence were confirmed in Sweden. The average of lethal violence for the last five years is 92 cases per year and is the same as the level has been since 2002.

Lethal violence

Confirmed cases of lethal violence, of which lethal violence against men or women¹, 2007 – 2016. (Reported cases of lethal violence where lethal violence is highly likely to be the cause of death). Source: Confirmed cases of lethal violence (Brå)

1.) Gender breakdown is reported for the confirmed cases of lethal violence since 2011. In one of the cases in 2012, the victim's gender could not be established.

In 2016, 106 cases of lethal violence were confirmed² in Sweden. This can be seen from the statistic regarding confirmed cases of lethal violence. This is a decrease by 6 cases, as compared with 2015.

During the most recent ten-year period, the number of cases of lethal violence each year has fluctuated between 68 and 112 cases. The average has been 92 cases per year since 2002 and the last two years of a higher level of cases (112 and 106 cases) has not affected the average, not even in the last five years.

In 2016, the victim in 73 per cent of the cases was a man. The breakdown between the genders has been substantially similar since the 1990s.

A firearm was used in 28% per cent of the observed cases of lethal violence in 2016; this is a somewhat lower percentage than in 2015 (29%).

Regional breakdown

The majority (69 %) of the confirmed cases of lethal violence in 2016 were reported in one of the major metropolitan regions of Stockholm, Väst and Syd. This has been the trend since 2010. The largest increase was seen in the Syd region, where the number of cases increased, from 18 cases in 2015 to 30 cases in 2016.

2) The figures above come from Brå's special study of lethal violence which only includes reported cases of lethal violence where lethal violence is highly likely to be the cause of death. This is because the statistic regarding reported offences is misleading where lethal violence is concerned, since it shows all reported incidents with a lethal outcome where there initially was reason to investigate whether lethal violence may have been used. Following investigation, many of these incidents are seen to involve something other than lethal violence, for example suicide, accident, or natural death. It also occurs that several police reports are prepared for a single case of suspected lethal violence, which means that the statistic contains repeats. Moreover, attempts, preparation, and conspiracy to commit murder or manslaughter are erroneously registered as completed murder or manslaughter.